Wroclaw – Dresden Tour
Dresden – a heart of Saxony, which is teeming with culture
Baroque town, Florence of the North, a city of music … in this way you could describe Dresden-a town in the eastern Germany, which is scoring records of tourist popularity. It is estimated that about 10 million tourists visit Dresden every year. It may be more surprising b due to the carpet bombing in 1945, there were only a few historic buildings left.
The territories of the present Dresden were inhabited even in the Stone Age, but the first written mention about the village dates back to the early thirteenth century. Its location along the Elbe river was not enough, to base the development of the city on river transport. For decades the problem was a dense forest on the outskirts of Dresden. Changes took place in the early fifteenth century with the introduction of the staple right. The city entered new century as a quiet town, and it ended it as a resilient city. The prosperity time of Dresden has not lasted long – a plague, famine, economic stagnation and two massive fires in the sixteenth and eighteenth consumed the city. After each conflagration Dresden was rebuilt. The capital of Saxony had a similar bad period in the twentieth century – in the interwar period it was indeed one of the most important cultural and economic centre of the Weimar Republic, but in 1945 it was bombed, and the destroyed historic buildings were rebuilt only to a small extent.
Attractions of Dresden, which experience a lot
Part of historical monuments survived the war, but some monuments, about which you will hear from Dresden guides are just reconstructed buildings destroyed by the bombs of the Allied forces. Works on the restoration of the city to its former glory started just after World War II and they are being continued to this day. Until now there were rebuilt among other things: both railway stations, the court, Augustus bridge, an art gallery and Japanese Palace, the Church of the Holy Cross, Cathedral of the Holy Trinity – one of the largest Catholic churches in Saxony, the castle-residence of the Wettin dynasty, Semperoper operahouse from late Renaissance and late Baroque Zwinger palace complex, which contains the weapons exhibition, and one of Europe’s largest collections of painting masterpieces.
Lost award and the “Blue Wonder”
Once, tourists visiting Dresden could see objects listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site, but because of the new bridge across the River Elbe, the view has been disturbed, and the organization has removed Dresden from this prestigious list. Another, very interesting bridge is called Blue Wonder, which was built in the late nineteenth century as the longest suspension bridge in the world. Residents of the city can travel, located in neighbourhood the oldest suspension railway in the world – Schwebebahn Dresden had its first course exactly on May 6-th, 1901.
Visiting Dresden in the spotlight
Despite the enormous devastation during the war, architects managed to restore the heart of Saxony to its former glory. The excellent results of their work are evidenced by the interest of UNESCO concerning Dresden old town and the waterfront of Elbe river. In the centre of Dresden, it is worth seeing, apart from Opera and the Zwinger palace complex, the most important Protestant church in the city – St. Mary’s Church, Brühlsche Terrasse promenade, which offers stunning views of the new part of the town on the other side of the river, 800-year-old castle –residence Dresdner Schloss, Albertinum State Art Collections museum and Green Vault, which houses the gallery and the vault, but above all, one of the largest in Europe-a collections of jewels and a green diamond- the largest diamond known in the world.
The city, which is born with culture
It is worth to end the Dresden tour with getting to know its impressive cultural life. The city has 37 museums, 40 art galleries, there are many cinemas, theatres, libraries, and well-stocked bookstores. The heart of Saxony is full of music – Dresden has one of the most beautiful opera houses of the world, and the National Band, Kreuzchor Choir and Philharmonic enchant with their artistry. Every year here, the biggest in Europe Old Jazz festival- International Dixieland Festival takes place, as well as the oldest Christmas market in Germany – Striezelmarkt, which was first mentioned in the mid-fifteenth century.